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Homepage Alutal Temperature Extension and compensation wires and cables Extension and compensation wires and cables

Extension and compensation wires and cables

Extension cables and/or compensation cables is the technical term given to the connection cables between the type thermocouple temperature sensors up to its instrument reader (controller, recorder, etc).
This type of feature is necessary so that the signal generated by the sensor does not show error in reading because to be led by another metallic conductor, the signal would have lost intensity and other electrical phenomena. These are called the extension cables.

For so-called "noble thermocouples" that have high cost elements in its chemical composition as Platinum and Rhodium (case of thermocouples type R, S and B) are used cables with metal conductors to compensate for the loss occurred signal, thus, eliminating reading errors. These are called the compensation cables.

The correct choice in the instrument sensor interconnection should also include the place where the passage of the cable will be made, observing environmental conditions of temperature, humidity, electrical interference and possible abrasion.

Regarding the gauge (thickness) of the cable, it should be noted dimensional limitations where the cable will pass and any kinks in the installation process or the operation of the cable.

Cables with thicker gauges, tend to have greater resistance to breakage in case of constant movement of installation, but are more costly and need to use cable trays / larger conduit.

As the signal driven by thermocouples cables is a very low electrical signal, it is recommended to install them in cable trays and metal conduits, avoiding problems of induction / crash on the premises.

The Alutal also provides all cables with electrostatic shielding and drain wire options for these cases simple thermocouples cables have two conductors, therefore, positive and negative. It is extremely important that they comply with the polarity of the thermocouple and cable connection.

There are international standards that are used for coloring the thermocouples cables as well as his two drivers: positive and negative. Among the most widely used standards in the Brazilian market, we can mention the ANSI Standard (US), DIN (European / German) and JIS (Japanese).

It is recommended that each plant and facility chooses to use only a standard within its network of thermocouple cables, avoiding mistakes, given the fact that a color of a standard for a particular type of sensor may be repeated in another standard for other sensor.

Alutal adopted as the standard to ANSI (American) when not specified the standard by the customer.

For cases thermocouples double installation, triple or multi-thermocouples (temperature sensors with more than one sensing point), snakes may be provided, where in a one cable conductors have several pairs of sensors. The determination of the long distances requirements for cable length should be noted the total circuit resistance and prevent electrical noise in the thermocouple signals.

The cable resistance will vary depending on the type of thermocouple gauge and length. The strength of the permissible circuit depends on the instrument's input impedance at which it is connected, the Alutal recommends keeping the total circuit resistance below 100 ohms, and as a guideline, 20 AWG cable or even with larger gauge and places free of electrical interference , keep the total length of less than 30m and for longer distances we recommend using temperature transmitters inside the head.

The transmitter will convert the signal into a standard immune to fluctuations and electrical loads, providing the connection over longer distances. The Alutal works with a wide variety of types of insulation, standards, gauges and electrical insulation in your stock.

See our sales department and technical area for the correct specification of your cable. It will be a pleasure to serve you!
  • Tables
  • Folders
  • Certificates
Limites de erro - Fio ou cabo de extensão
Condutor Faixa de
Tipo Positivo Negativo Padrão Especial
TX Cobre Constantan -60 a 100°C ±1,0°C ±0,5°C
JX Ferro Constantan 0° a 200°C ±2,2°C ±1,1°C
EX Chromel Constantan 0° a 200°C ±1,7°C ±1,0°C
KX Chromel Alumel 0° a 200°C ±2,2°C ±1,1°C
NX Nicrosil Nisil 0° a 200°C ±2,2°C ±1,1°C
AlutHel para alta temperatura
Tipo Bitola Isolação interna Isolação externa
K 2x20 AWG Cerâmica Cerâmica
Condutor sólido, temperatura máxima de utilização 820°C.

Bitolas reduzidas
Tipo Bitola Isolação interna Isolação externa
K 2x32 AWG Teflon Teflon
K 2x36 AWG Teflon Teflon
J 2x36 AWG Teflon Teflon
T 2x30 AWG Teflon Teflon
T 2x36 AWG Teflon Teflon
Especialmente fabricados para aplicações onde a dimensão é um fator crítico.

Características da isolação
Isolação Temperatura
de utilização
a abrasão
a umidade
PVC -20 a 100°C Muito Boa Excelente
Fibra 400°C Regular Pobre
Silicone -30 a 200°C Boa Boa
Teflon -100 a 200°C Excelente Excelente
Fibra Cerâmica 800°C Pobre Pobre
Kapton 315°C Regular Boa
Limites de erro - Fio ou cabo de compensação
Condutor Faixa de
Tipo Positivo Negativo
SX / RX Cobre Cobre - Níquel
(Liga # 11)
0°C a 200°C ±5°C
BX Cobre Cobre 0°C a 100°C ±3,7°C
Alutal performs tests in all stages of the production process of its sensors. Check below the tests and certifications applicable for this series. If you want to get a copy of the tests for the lot of your purchase, request with the commercial department at the time of your order.
Certificates for this series:

See too

Alutal Temperature Technology Product